Mawdu' (Fabricated) and Da'if (Weak) Hadiths
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Mawdu' (fabricated) hadiths are a specific variety of da'if (weak/unreliable) hadiths. While a da'if hadith does not have to be mawdu' (as a hadith may be considered unreliable for reasons other than fabrication), a hadith that is identified as mawdu' (that is, as a fabrication), then it must consequently be da'if. The term da'if, like the term sahih, describes a final evaluative judgement about a narration rather than specifying the reasoning for the judgement. Also, because there are more ways for a hadith to be unreliable than reliable, there is greater diversity of reasons for which a hadith maybe da'if (by contrast, while there are different types of sahih hadith, the number of distinct types is much more limited). Among the different reasons for which a hadith can be da'if, being identified as an outright fabrication is perhaps the strongest form of weakness on the basis of which a hadith can be rejected (other forms of weakness include, for instance, a hadith being mursal, which means that the companion narrating the hadith from Muhammad is missing in the chain of transmitters, although it can get a lot more complicated than this, particularly when multiple hadiths with the same/similar message are considered together).
Whereas fabricated and weak hadiths in general play a limited role in the determination of Islamic laws and beliefs (with some important exceptions, particularly in Hanbali fiqh), they have very frequently been used in sermons and other forms of da'wah, or calling to Islam (whether for a Muslim or non-Muslim audience). Classical Muslim scholars often permitted the use of known weak and even fabricated hadiths in various forms of preaching on the consideration that such usage would strengthen people's faith while at the same time not impacting formal Islamic law or doctrine. Though such general permission did not go uncritiqued, it was very often the norm, especially when it involved popular preachers over whom the scholars did not have much control. This practice has largely persisted into modern times but has faced growing criticism. There are two reasons why this shift in thinking may be taking place. On the one hand, with modern communications technology, weak hadiths can spread rapidly, and scholars are wary of the consequences of this. On the other hand, preachers' audiences now have access to the internet which can be used to verify the authenticity of a hadith and, as a result, preachers are wary of quoting material that their audiences will sooner or later come to realize is unreliable (thus undermining their own credibility).
While this transition is ongoing, recent generations of Muslims across the world, particularly in past decades, frequently encounter hadiths that are known to be both weak and fabricated in sermons. Indeed, even today, some of the most famous hadiths popularly known and referenced in the Muslim world are of weak or fabricated variety.
On narrating weak and fabricated hadiths
Sahih (authentic) hadith
Answer: It is not permissible for a person, a storyteller or one who gives advice, to narrate a hadeeth and attribute it to the Messenger (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) whilst he does not know if it is authentic. And it is (also) not permissible for him to narrate a hadeeth whilst he knows it to be weak. However, if he narrates a weak hadeeth to reveal it’s weakness and warn the people from it, then that is obligatory.Likewise, he should not narrate stories which he assumes are worthy (of being narrated) without checking (their authenticity), and he should not narrate stories which he knows are fabricated, because that is being dishonest and deceiving the people.
It is not permissible for anyone to say, “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said…” when he knows that the hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated) or false. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever tells lies about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.” ... It is haraam to narrate a fabricated hadeeth for one who knows that it is fabricated or who thinks it most likely that it is fabricated. Whoever narrates a hadeeth which he knows or thinks it most likely to be fabricated, and does not explain that it is fabricated, is included in this warning and is included among those who tell lies about the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Da`if (weak) hadiths
Seeking knowledge is a duty upon every Muslim
This hadith has been classed by many hadith scholars as da`if (weak).
Importantly, the knowledge to which this narration is referring to is held to be knowledge of the Islamic Shari’ah and not knowledge in general.
Umar was corrected by a woman
The following hadith, where Umar attempts to limit the Mahr, is often presented as evidence that women were politically and socially active in early Islamic societies.
However, this hadith has been classed as da`if (weak). Equally importantly, the hadith also contradicts authentic hadith which state Umar did in fact limit excessive payments of Mahr. A weak hadith that contradicts a stronger hadith is known to be shadh (anomalous) and is not accepted by Islamic scholars as a result.
Al-Albani points out that not only are the chains of al-Baihaqi and Abdul Razzaq weak because they are broken, they also contain weak narrators that further weakens their chains. Hence, he concludes that this narration from Umar ibn al-Khattab is definitely weak. [Footnote: Muhammad Nasir al-Din al-Albani, Irwa al-Ghalil fi Takhrij Ahadit Manar al-Sabeel Beirut, al-Maktab al-Islami, 1979, vol 6, p 347.]
Indeed, it is confirmed in authentic hadith recorded by Abu Dawud, al-Nasai, al-Tirmidhi and others that Umar ibn al-Khattab did in fact advise the people not to be excessive when it comes to a woman's dower.Actually, the above incident from the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab is quoted by many people nowadays to demonstrate that women used to take part in the political and other activities during the time of the Companions. They had an active role in society and, as one speaker today called it, took part in the "congressional meetings" (!) held in the mosque during those times. They go from that to exhorting women to take much more attractive roles in society and not be content with being at home, being good wives and mothers. They say that this was not the practice during the time of the Companions as this incident from the time of' Umar ibn al-Khattab clearly demonstrates. Obviously, in order to use such an incident as proof, one must first prove the authenticity of the narration. This is not possible in this case and, therefore, this incident cannot be used as a proof.
Whoever mistreats a dhimmi will be Allah's opponent
This hadith has been classed as da`if (weak).
One who treats his subordinates badly will never enter Paradise
This quote is included in the hadith collection Bulugh al-Maram, which attributes it to Tirmidhi and which describes the chain of narrators as weak.
Aisha never saw the private parts of Muhammad
This hadith has been classed as da`if (weak). It also contradicts narrations that have been passed down through multiple isnads and are both sahih and mutawatir, the highest authenticity regarding the classification of ahadith and is thus considered doubly unacceptable.
Ward off the legal punishments as much as you can
This hadith has been classed as da`if (weak). It also seems to contradict authentic hadiths where Muhammad states, even if his own daughter were to steal, he would "cut off her hand" as well as Quran 4:135 which instructs that Islamic law (including punishments mentioned in the Quran such as amputation) should be upheld "even if (it is) against yourselves or the parents and the relatives."
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: “Ward off the legal punishments as much as you can.”Grade: Da'if (Darussalam)
Maudu (Fabricated) Hadith
Lesser and Greater Jihad
The following story originated from the 11th century and does not appear in any of the six most famous hadith collections (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Dawud, al-Sughra, Tirmidhi or Ibn Majah):
This hadith has been classed as maudu' (fabricated) and is also said to go against the Qur'an and sahih hadith.
Dr. Abdullah Azzam:
Ibn Taymiyyah (also known as Shaykh ul-Islam):
Is Jihad in the way of Allah the same level regardless of whether it is with one's life, wealth , or supplication , even if somebody is capable of the type that involves one's life?
Answer:There are different kinds of jihad - with one's self, wealth, supplication, teaching, giving guidance, or helping others in good in any form.The highest form of jihad, however, is with one's life (the intent here is not suicide, for that is forbidden in Islam), then comes Jihad with one's wealth and jihad with teaching and guidance, and in this way Da'wah is a form of jihad, but jihad with one's life is the highest form.
Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani:
The ink of the scholar is more holy than the blood of the Martyr
This hadith has been classed as maudu' (fabricated).
The above-mentioned fabricated hadith gives preference to the method of da'wah over jihad for spreading Islam. However, the best method for spreading Islam is jihad and not da'wah. Thus the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) spent thirteen years in Makkah giving da'wah and only approximately one hundred people embraced Islam. But when he (s.a.w) entered Makkah with military might and Shawka (power) two thousand took their Shahadah in one day.
The Mujahideen conquer lands and save the entire populace from entering Hell-fire by delivering Islam to them. This accomplishment is much greater than what books can do.
Also this fabricated hadith contradicts the Holy Qur'an:
Surah An Nisa verse 95:"Not equal are those of the believers who sit at home(except those who are disabled by injury or are blind or lame), and those who strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with their wealth and lives. Allah has preferred in grades those who strive hard and fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit at home."
Seek knowledge, even if you have to go to China
This hadith has been classed as maudu' (fabricated).
Thinking for an hour is better than worshiping for sixty years
This hadith has been classed as maudu' (fabricated).
To think for an hour is better than to be engaged in worship for a period of sixty years.Classified fabricated by Ibn Jawzee.
However, there are sahih hadith that state the exact opposite:
The one who knows himself, knows his Lord
This hadith has been classed as maudu (fabricated).
As-Suyutee said, "this hadeeth is not authentic" [‘Haawee lil Fataawee’ (2/351)]
Alee al-Qaaree quoted from ibn Taymiyyah saying, "fabricated" [‘al-Asraar al-Marfoo’ah’ (pg. 83)]
Al-Allaamaa Fairozabaadee said, "this is not from the Prophetic ahaadeeth, despite the fact that the majority of people make it so, and it is not authentic at all. It is only related from the Jewish traditions as ‘O mankind! Know yourself and you will know your Lord’" [‘ar-Radd alaa al-Mu’tarideen’ (2/37)]Al-Albaanee says, "it has no basis" [‘Silsilah ad-Da’eefah’ (1/165 no.66)]
Allah has not made anything more precious than human intellect
This hadith has been classified as fabricated by al-Dhahabi.
Muhammad and his Jewish neighbor
This hadith has been classed as maudu (fabricated). It is not present in any Islamic texts, nor is it mentioned by any scholars of the past.
Authenticity: Fabricated (Not Authentic)Reference: This hadith is not found in any of the books of hadith.
Muhammad's Farewell Sermon
The following rendition of Muhammad's 'Farewell Sermon', along with a second version, was for many years quoted on Wikipedia without a primary source.
It is quoted below, and consists of a loose synthesis by a modern author based on various hadiths, the sources of which are not entirely known. It has become popular due to including the lines from a hadith found in Musnad Ahmad (#22978, graded sahih by al-Albani)"an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action".
However, this author's rendition also includes some lines about the treatment of women that are a heavily sanitized version of narrations of the farewell sermon found in a number of hadith collections and the Tafsir of al-Tabari in which Muhammad commands women to be beaten in certain circumstances.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every *Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. God has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. God has judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn 'Abd'al Muttalib (Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived...
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under God's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship God, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before God and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and my Ahl al-Bayt and if you follow these you will never go astray.All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O God, that I have conveyed your message to your people
S.F.H. Faizi, an Indian, later Pakistani, Islamist is the author of "Sermons of the Prophet", the 1987 book which first rendered this version of the sermon (in the 1991 edition, it can be found on p. 145).
He gets as close to a source as he could when he describes in the introduction how he translated and published a collection of obscure writings into English:
Faizi 'derived' this version of the sermon from various unnamed books not accepted by the ulama (Islamic clerics). He does not know the original sources, but welcomes readers to help in his search.
Hadith references which are often cited as sources for this version of the sermon are either misrepresented (i.e. they have nothing to say on the sermon) or refer to the sermon that most fits al-Tabari's rendition with regard to beating women and such topics.
The following authentic version is taken from al-Tabari, Vol IX, and it's important to note that it is in perfect agreement with the Qur'anic order of wife-beating in Quran 4:34. By contrast, al-Tabari's writing is an early source relied upon by historians and Islamic clerics alike. Attempts to add this authentic version next to the other two at Wikipedia were met with resistance.
Now then, O people, you have a right over your wives and they have a right over you. You have [the right] that they should not cause anyone of whom you dislike to tread on your beds; and that they should not commit any open indecency. If they do, then Allah permits you to shut them in separate rooms and to beat them, but not severely. If they abstain from [evil], they have the right to their food and clothing in accordance with the custom. Treat women well, for they are [like] domestic animals with you and do not possess anything for themselves. You have taken them only as a trust from Allah, and you have made the enjoyment of their persons lawful by the word of Allah, so understand and listen to my words, O people. I have conveyed the Message, and have left you with something which, if you hold fast to it, you will never go astray; that is, the Book of Allah and the sunnah of his Prophet. Listen to my words, O people, for I have conveyed the Message and understand [it]. Know for certain that every Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, and that all Muslims are brethren. It is not lawful for a person [to take] from his brother except that which he has given him willingly, so do not wrong yourselves. O Allah, have I not conveyed the message?
أبو جعفر الطبري, تاريخ الرسل والملوك, vol. 3, al-Maktabah al-Shamilah, p. 151, https://app.turath.io/book/9783
Narrations of the farewell sermon in various hadith collections contain the same Arabic phrase about beating women but without severity. For example, the following hadith is graded sahih by al-Albani:
The same Arabic phrase is found in narrations of the farewell sermon in Jami` at-Tirmidhi 5:44:3087, translated as 'and beat them with a beating that is not painful', and Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2:10:1163, translated as 'and beat them with a beating that is not harmful. It is also found in Sunan Ibn Majah 3:9:1851, although the English translator has rendered the same Arabic words here much less literally as 'and hit them, but without causing injury or leaving a mark'.
Differences of opinion among my ummah is a mercy
This hadith has been classed as maudu (fabricated).
This hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated).See al-Asraar al-Marfoo’ah, 506; Tanzeeh al-Sharee’ah, 2/402; al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah, 11.
This suggestion is very far-fetched, since it would mean that some of the sayings of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) have been lost to the ummah forever, something which is not permissible for a Muslim to believe.
Manaawi quoted Subki as saying, "It (i.e. the saying) is not known to the muhadditheen and I cannot find any isnaad for it, whether saheeh, da`eef or mawdoo`", and this was endorsed by Shaykh Zakareeyyah al-Ansaari in his notes on Tafseer al-Baidaawi [92/2].
Further, the meaning of this hadeeth is also incorrect as shown by the verifying scholars, hence Ibn Hazm says in al-Ihkaam fi Usool al-Ahkaam [5/64] after indicating that it is not a hadeeth,"This is one of the most incorrect sayings possible, since if ikhtilaaf were a mercy, then agreement would be a punishment, something which no Muslim would say, because there can only be agreement or disagreement, and there can only be mercy or punishment."
Kindness is a mark of faith
Treatment of women
The book of Tirmidhi does not contain the above hadith, despite frequently being sourced as such. The hadith itself has also been judged as being fabricated.
The most excellent actions
The above hadith is often cited. Most famously perhaps it was mentioned by Lindsay Lohan, a celebrity who displayed interest in Islam. The hadith is not located in Bukhari, despite being cited as such, and does not appear in any relied upon hadith collection.
Wealth and Love
When a husband and wife look at each other with love, Allah looks at both with mercy
This hadith has been classed as maudu (fabricated). The hadith has often been sourced to Bukhari (as No. 6:19) and Tirmidhi (as No. 14:79), but is found in neither collection. The hadith is not found in any relied upon collection. The hadith can be found in Silsilatu Al-Ahaadeeth Ad-Daeefa wa Al-Mawdu’a (the title refers to "the da'if and mawdu' hadiths") (No. 3274) of Imaam Al-Albani, one of the most famous hadith scholars of recent times, where he writes:
Marry and do not divorce
This hadith is classified as maudu by Ibn Jawzi.
Poverty is my pride, and do favors for the poor
Several hadith concerning the poor have been classed as maudu (fabricated).
. . .
They report that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “The poor will sit down on the Day of Resurrection, and [Allaah] will say, ‘By My Glory and Majesty, I did not deprive you of worldly things because you are insignificant. Rather I wanted to raise your status on this Day. Go to the place where the people are standing, and whoever gave you a piece of bread, or water to drink, or clothes to wear, take him to Paradise .’” The shaykh said: this report is a lie which was not narrated by any of the scholars of hadeeth. It is baatil (false) and goes against the Qur’aan and Sunnah and scholarly consensus (ijmaa’).
To love your country is a part of Iman (faith)
This hadith has been classed as maudu (fabricated).
To love your country is a part of Iman.Classified fabricated by Saghaani.
A stingy person shall never be allowed to enter Paradise
This hadith has been classed as maudu (fabricated).
Allah has sworn that He shall never allow a stingy person to enter the Paradise.Related by Ibn Asaakir and classified fabricated by ad-Daar Qutnee who said a liar was found in the chain of transmitters by the name of Muhammad Ibn Zakaria Al Ghulaabi.
Muhammad's parents were brought to life so they could enter heaven
According to sahih narrations, Muhammad's parents, and even his supportive uncle, are in eternal hell-fire. Anything to the contrary (i.e. claims that they were brought back to life so they could die as Muslims and go to heaven) has been classed as fabricated or very weak.
It says in ‘Awn al-Ma’bood:
Most of the reports that been narrated to the effect that the parents of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) were brought back to life and believed in him and were saved are fabricated and false. Some of them are very weak and cannot be saheeh under any circumstances, as the imams of hadeeth are unanimously agreed that they are fabricated, such as al-Daaraqutni, al-Jawzaqaani, Ibn Shaheen, al-Khateeb, Ibn ‘Asaakir, Ibn Naasir, Ibn al-Jawzi, al-Suhayli, al-Qurtubi, al-Muhibb, al-Tabari, Fath al-Deen ibn Sayyid al-Naas, Ibraaheem al-Halabi and others. The scholar Ibraaheem al-Halabi explained at length the fact that the parents of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) have not been saved from Hell in a separate essay, as did ‘Ali al-Qaari in Sharh al-Fiqh al-Akbar and in a separate essay. The basis for this opinion is the soundness of this hadeeth (“My father and your father are in Hell”). Shaykh Jalaal al-Deen al-Suyooti differed from the huffaaz and scholars and affirmed that they had believed and had been saved, and he wrote numerous essays on that topic, including al-Ta’zeem wa’l-Minnah fi anna Abaway Rasool-Illaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fi’l-Jannah.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: Is there any saheeh report from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that Allaah brought his parents back to life so that they could become Muslims, then they died (again) after that?
He replied: There is no saheeh report to that effect from the scholars of hadeeth. Rather the scholars are agreed that this is an invented lie… There is no dispute among the scholars that this is one of the most obvious of fabrications, as was stated by those who have knowledge. That does not appear in any of the reliable books of hadeeth, either in the Saheehs or the Sunans or the Musnads or any other well-known books of hadeeth. It was not mentioned by the authors of the books of Maghaazi or Tafseer, even though they narrated da’eef (weak) reports along with saheeh (sound) ones. The fact that this is a lie is clear to any one who has any knowledge of religion. If such a thing had happened there would have been a great deal of motivation to transmit it, because it is something that is extraordinary on two counts: the raising of the dead and believing after death. Such a thing would have been more deserving of being transmitted than anything else. Since no trustworthy narrated transmitted it, it may be understood that this is a lie.
Moreover, this goes against the Qur’aan and the saheeh Sunnah, and the consensus of the scholars. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Allaah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they whom Allaah will forgive and Allaah is Ever All‑Knower, All‑Wise.
18. And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: ‘Now I repent;’ nor of those who die while they are disbelievers”
So Allaah states that there is no repentance for one who dies as a disbeliever. And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Then their Faith (in Islamic Monotheism) could not avail them when they saw Our punishment. (Like) this has been the way of Allaah in dealing with His slaves. And there the disbelievers lost utterly (when Our Torment covered them)”
So He tells us that the way in which He deals with His slaves is that faith will be to no avail once they have seen the punishment, so how about after death? And there are other similar texts. Then he quoted the two hadeeth which we quoted at the beginning of our answer.Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 4/325-327.
The Sun is always setting and rising
Dr Zagloul el-Naggar is an author who writes about 'science in the Qur'an'. He is widely regarded as one who fabricates hadiths and misrepresents the Islamic tradition.
Islamic scholars, pace Dr. el-Naggar, have identified the above as a fabricated hadith, pointing out that Abu Ishaq al-Hamadhani is not known to have compiled any book of sunnah.
The above hadith is located in al-Tirmidhi, despite being sourced as such. The hadith actually recorded as Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2:8:1037 regards funerals rather than resurrection.
- Muzammil Siddiqi, "May People Act According to a Weak Hadith?", Islam Online, Fatwa Bank, September 27, 2003 (archived from the original), http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=https%3A%2F%2Fweb.archive.org%2Fweb%2F20061216005731%2Fhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.islamonline.net%2Fservlet%2FSatellite%3Fpagename%3DIslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar%2FFatwaE%2FFatwaE%26cid%3D1119503547442&date=2014-03-15.
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- al-Asqalani, Ibn Hajr. Bulugh al-Maram. IV. Hadith 1551. IslamKotob, Dar al-Manarah (El-Mansoura, Egypt). Published in 2003. p. 557.
- Sunan Ibn Majah, "The Book of Purification and its Sunnah - كتاب الطهارة وسننها", Sunnah.com, English ref: Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 662, Arabic ref: Book 1, Hadith 707, accessed June 30, 2013 (archived), http://sunnah.com/urn/1256610.
- Sunan Ibn Majah, "The Chapters on Legal Punishments - كتاب الحدود", Sunnah.com, English ref: Vol. 3, Book 20, Hadith 2547, Arabic ref: Book 20, Hadith 2644, accessed March 28, 2014 (archived), http://sunnah.com/urn/1268640.
- Sunan Ibn Majah, "The Chapters on Legal Punishments - كتاب الحدود", Sunnah.com, English ref: Vol. 3, Book 20, Hadith 2545, Arabic ref: Book 20, Hadith 2642, accessed March 28, 2014 (archived), http://sunnah.com/urn/1268620.
- Fayd al-Qadir vol.4 pg. 511
- Imam Abdullah Azzam, "Join the Caravan: Conclusion", Religioscope (originally from al-haqq.org), December 2001 (archived), http://www.religioscope.com/info/doc/jihad/azzam_caravan_6_conclusion.htm.
- Ibn Taymiyyah, "Al Furqan", pp. 44-45
- Shaykh Hisham Kabbani, "Jihad Al Akbar", As-Sunnah Foundation of America, (from: "Islamic Beliefs and Doctrine According to Ahl al-Sunna: A Repudiation of "Salafi" Innovations"), accessed November 20, 2011 (archived), http://www.sunnah.org/tasawwuf/jihad004.html.
- "Be Aware - Da'eef (weak), mawdoo’ (fabricated) hadeeth", World of Islam Portal, May 10, 2008 (archived), http://islam.worldofislam.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=729:qwe-have-returned-from-the-lesser-jihad-to-the-greater-jihad-jihad-un-nafs-jihad-ul-akbarq&catid=129&Itemid=63.
- Shaikh Abdullah Faisal, "100 Fabricated Hadiths", Darul Islam Publishers, 2000 (archived), http://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/books/100FabricatedHadith.pdf.
- Moulana Qamruz Zaman, "Maudu Hadith", MuftiSays, Question ID: 1196, December 6, 2005 (archived), http://www.muftisays.com/qa/question/1196/maudu-hadith.html.
- "Mawdoo`(Fabricated) Hadeeth: No: 11 "The One who knows himself, knows his Lord"", Allaahuakbar.net, accessed August 23, 2011 (archived from the original), http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=https%3A%2F%2Fweb.archive.org%2Fweb%2F20110823033430%2Fhttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.allaahuakbar.net%2Fahaadeeth%2F11.htm&date=2014-03-16.
- "00 Fabricated Hadiths", 2013 (archived), https://standup4islam.wordpress.com/2013/10/20/100-fabricated-hadiths/.
- "Neighbor who used to throw trash at the Prophet’s door", The Authentic Hadith Foundation, accessed November 17, 2012 (archived), http://authentichadithfoundation.org/neighbor-who-used-to-throw-trash-at-the-prophets-door/.
- S. F. H. Faizi, Muḥammad (Prophet), "Sermons of the prophet", Islamic Book Foundation, ISBN 9789694241180, 1987, http://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Sermons_of_the_prophet.html?id=zvCLHAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y.
- S. F. H. Faizi, Muhammad (Prophet), "Sermons of the prophet", Kitab Bhavan, ISBN 9788171511389, 1991, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=nLplPQAACAAJ&source=gbs_book_other_versions.
- See this blog post titled, "The Farewell Sermon", for more details.
- For example; this site lists al-Tirmidhi as one of the sources. However in Tirmidhi we find the farewell command to beat women, and that they are "like prisoners" in the hands of men. The same is found in the farewell sermon in Sunan Abu Dawud 1900 (Ahmad Hasan Ref)). It seems that Farzi has deliberately ommitted these words in the corresponding section of his version of the sermon. For further details, see: The Farewell Sermon/ Related Text
- After an April 2011 Wikipedia discussion concerning the lack of primary sources for the fraudulent sermons, they were finally removed from the site. But, as is often the case with Islam-related articles, the unreferenced material is constantly reinserted by Muslim editors.
- Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid, "Is the hadeeth “Differences of opinion among my ummah is a mercy” saheeh?", Islam Q&A, Fatwa No. 13623, accessed February 2, 2012 (archived), http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/13623/fabricated%2520hadeeth.
- "The Weakness of the Ahaadeeth endorsing ikhtilaaf (disagreement, differing)", Qur'an and Sunnah Society of North America, (from: Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth ad-Da`eefah wa'l-Mawdoo`ah (58-62) by Shaykh al-Albaani), accessed February 2, 2012 (archived), http://www.qss.org/articles/salah/17.1.html#RTFToC1.
- "Lindsay Lohan: “What actions are most excellent?"", Instagram (archived), https://www.instagram.com/p/BQJ7wepBh1E/.
- Umm Abdulazeez, Abu AbdirRahmaan (Trans.), "Fabricated Hadeeth Warning", Talibatul `ilm, April 19, 2012 (archived), http://ummuabdulazeez.wordpress.com/2012/04/19/fabricated-hadeeth-warning/.
- M. Muhsin Khan (Trans.), "Sahih Bukhari Volume 2, Book 23 - Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz), Number 442", USC-MSA, Compendium of Muslim Texts, accessed November 20, 2011 (archived), http://www.cmje.org/religious-texts/hadith/bukhari/023-sbt.php#002.023.442.
- "How sound is the hadeeth about the parents of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) being brought back to life?", Islam Q&A, Fatwa No. 70297, accessed January 31, 2012 (archived), http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/70297/fabricated%2520hadeeth.
- "Are the parents of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in Paradise or in Hell?", Islam Q&A, Fatwa No. 47170, accessed June 8, 2011 (archived), http://islamqa.com/en/ref/47170/hell.
- "Moroccan Students’ Questions Leave Islamic Scholar Speechless" (archived from the original), http://www.webcitation.org/6qGEFEOKm.