Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search
no edit summary
Line 1: Line 1: −
{{Underconstruction}}
+
{{QualityScore|Lead=2|Structure=2|Content=2|Language=3|References=2}}
   −
Ali was Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law. He is the subject of lots of praises and devotional songs, especially by Shias and Sufis.
+
{{Infobox_Person
 +
| name        = Ali ibn Abi Talib
 +
| residence  =
 +
| other_names =
 +
| image      =
 +
| imagesize  =
 +
| caption    =
 +
| birth_name  =
 +
| birth_date  = 601
 +
| birth_place = [[Mecca]]
 +
| death_date  = 661
 +
| death_place = Kufa
 +
| death_cause =
 +
| known      =
 +
| occupation  = 4th [[Caliph]]
 +
| title      =
 +
| salary      =
 +
| term        = 656-661
 +
| predecessor = Uthmaan
 +
| successor  = Mu'awiyah
 +
| party      =
 +
| boards      =
 +
| religion    =
 +
| spouse      = Fatimah bint Muhammad<br>Umamah bint Zainab<br>Umma al-Banin<br>Leila bint Masoud<br>Asma bint Umays<br>Khawlah bint Ja'afar<br>al-Sahba' bint Rabi'ah
 +
| partner    =
 +
| children    = al-Hasan<br>al-Husayn<br>Zaynab<br>Umm Kulthum<br>Muhsin<br>Muhammad<br>Abbas<br>Ruqaya<br>Abdullah<br>Hilal<br>'Awn<br>
 +
| relations  = Abu Talib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib (father)<br>Fatimah bint Asad (mother)<br>[[Muhammad ibn Abdullah]] (cousin)
 +
| notable_works =
 +
| website    =
 +
| footnotes  =
 +
| employer    =
 +
| height      =
 +
| weight      =
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
'''Ali ibn Abi Talib''' (عَلِيّ ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب) was [[Muhammad]]'s cousin and son-in-law, and was the fourth of the "four rightly guided [[caliph]]<nowiki/>s". The [[Shias|Shia]], emphasizing his status as a member of the prophet's family or "household" (''ahl al-bayt''), consider him the first Imam and rightful successor to Muhammad.
 +
 
 +
==Time with the Prophet in Medina==
 +
 
 +
===In the hadith===
 +
{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||6|46|3713}}|Narrated Abu Sarihah, or Zaid bin Arqam - Shu'bah had doubt:
 +
from the Prophet (ﷺ): '''"For whomever I am his Mawla then 'Ali is his Mawla."''' <br> Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)}}{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||6|46|3719}}|Narrated Hubshi bin Junadah: that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: '''"'Ali is from me and I am from 'Ali. And none should represent me except myself or 'Ali."'''<br>Grade: Hasan (Darussalam)}}{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||6|46|3721}}|Narrated Anas b. Malik: "There was a bird with the Prophet (ﷺ), so he said: ''''O Allah, send to me the most beloved of Your creatures to eat this bird with me.' So 'Ali came and ate with him."'''<br>Grade: Hasan (Darussalam)}}{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||6|46|3731}}|Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
 +
that the Prophet (ﷺ) '''said to 'Ali: "You are to me in the position that Harun was to Musa, except that there is no Prophet after me."''' <br>Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)}}{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||6|46|3732}}|Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
 +
'''"The Prophet (ﷺ) ordered that the gates be closed, except the gate of 'Ali."''' <br>Grade: Hasan (Darussalam)}}
 +
 
 +
==The First ''Fitna'' (civil war)==
 +
Ali was one of the first of Muhammad's contemporaries to accept [[Islam]], had great repute amongst Muhammad's followers, but was ultimately assassinated by a group called the Kharijites during the civil war that erupted upon his ascension to the seat of the caliph. This group of Kharijites were not from among Ali's primary opposition as a caliph (this being Mu'awiyah's supporters), but were rather defectors who had once sided with Ali against Mu'awiyah.
 +
 
 +
[[Hadith|Hadiths]] and traditions descriptive of and attributed to Ali are among the most contested between [[Sunni]] and Shi'ite sources, as both had and continue to have political and theological stake in the matter.
 +
 
 +
==Ali's view on the Ahl al-Bayt==
 +
{{Quote|{{Muslim|9|3601}}. See also [https://web.archive.org/web/20150529140610/https://sunnah.com/muslim/20/24]|Ibrahim al-Taimi reported on the authority of his father:
 +
'Ali b. Abu Talib (Allah be pleased with him) addressed us and said: He who thinks that we (the members of the Prophet's family) read anything else besides the Book of Allah and this Sahifa (and he said that Sahifa was tied to the scabbard of the sword) tells a lie. (This Sahifa) contains (problems) pertaining to the ages of the camels and (the recompense) of the injuries, and it also records the words of the Prophet (ﷺ): Medina is a sacred territory from 'Ayr to Thaur (it is most probably Uhud). He who innovates (an act or practice) or gives protection to an innovator, there is a curse of Allah and that of His angels and that of the whole humanity upon him. Allah will not accept from him (as a recompense) any obligatory act or supererogatory act, and the responsibility of the Muslims is a joint responsibility; even the lowest in rank can undertake the responsibility (on behalf of others), and he who claims anyone else as his father besides his own father or makes one his ally other than the one (who freed him), there is a curse of Allah. that of His angels and that of the whole of mankind upon him. Allah will not accept the obligatory act of the supererogatery act (as a recompense) from him.}}
    +
==Sharia rulings of Ali==
 
{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||3|15|1458}}|Narrated 'Ikrimah: That '''Ali burnt some people who apostasized from Islam'''. This news reached Ibn 'Abbas, so he (Ibn 'Abbas) said: "If it were me I would have killed them according to the statement of Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah said: 'Whoever changes his religion then kill him.' And I would not have burned them because the Messenger of Allah said: 'Do not punish with the punishment of Allah.' So this reached 'Ali, and he said: "Ibn 'Abbas has told the truth." (Sahih)}}
 
{{Quote|{{Al Tirmidhi||3|15|1458}}|Narrated 'Ikrimah: That '''Ali burnt some people who apostasized from Islam'''. This news reached Ibn 'Abbas, so he (Ibn 'Abbas) said: "If it were me I would have killed them according to the statement of Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah said: 'Whoever changes his religion then kill him.' And I would not have burned them because the Messenger of Allah said: 'Do not punish with the punishment of Allah.' So this reached 'Ali, and he said: "Ibn 'Abbas has told the truth." (Sahih)}}
   −
{{Quote|{{Al Nasai||5|37|4070}}|It was narrated from Anas that: 'Ali came to some people of Az-Zutt, who worshipped idols, and burned them. Ibn 'Abbas said: "But the Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: 'Whoever changes his religion, kill him.'" (Sahih)
+
{{Quote|{{Al Nasai||5|37|4070}}|It was narrated from Anas that: <b>'Ali came to some people of Az-Zutt, who worshipped idols, and burned them.</b> Ibn 'Abbas said: "But the Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: 'Whoever changes his religion, kill him.'" (Sahih)
 
}}
 
}}
   Line 11: Line 64:     
{{Quote|{{cite web|url=https://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-27-indeed-surely-jihad-one-doors-paradise |title=Sermon 27: Indeed, surely jihad is one of the doors of Paradise |publisher= |author= |date= |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160424033838/https://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-27-indeed-surely-jihad-one-doors-paradise |deadurl=no}}|Beware! I called you (insistently) to fight these people night and day, secretly and openly and exhorted you to attack them before they attacked you, because by Allah, no people have been attacked in the hearts of their houses but they suffered disgrace; but you put it off to others and forsook it till destruction befell you and your cities were occupied.}}
 
{{Quote|{{cite web|url=https://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-27-indeed-surely-jihad-one-doors-paradise |title=Sermon 27: Indeed, surely jihad is one of the doors of Paradise |publisher= |author= |date= |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160424033838/https://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-27-indeed-surely-jihad-one-doors-paradise |deadurl=no}}|Beware! I called you (insistently) to fight these people night and day, secretly and openly and exhorted you to attack them before they attacked you, because by Allah, no people have been attacked in the hearts of their houses but they suffered disgrace; but you put it off to others and forsook it till destruction befell you and your cities were occupied.}}
 +
 +
==Battle of Nahrawan==
 +
{{Quote|[https://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-1-sermons/sermon-59-place-they-shall-fall Sermon 59: The place they shall fall ]|When Amir al-mu'minin showed his intention to fight the Kharijites, he was told that they had crossed the bridge of Nahrawan and gone over to the other side. Amir al-mu'minin said: "Their falling place is on this side of the river. By Allah, not even ten of them will survive while from your side not even ten will be killed."}}<br />
 +
[[Category:Sahabah (companions)]]
 +
[[Category:Jihadists]]
 +
[[Category:Rashidun Caliphs]]
 +
[[Category:Salaf al-Salih (Pious Predecessors)]]
 +
[[Category:Caliphate]]
 +
[[Category:Sacred history]]
 +
[[Category:Islamic History]]
 +
[[Category:Muhammad's contemporaries]]
 +
[[Category:Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House)]]
 +
[[Category:Shi'ism]]
Editors, recentchangescleanup, Reviewers
6,456

edits

Navigation menu